kubernetes数据持久化StorageClass动态供给(二)

  1. 存储类的好处之一便是支持PV的动态供给,它甚至可以直接被视作为PV的创建模版,用户用到持久性存储时,需要通过创建PVC来绑定匹配的PV,此类操作需求较大,或者当管理员手动创建的PV无法满足PVC的所有需求时,系统按PVC的需求标准动态创建适配的PV会为存储管理带来极大的灵活性,不过仅那些属于StorageClass的PVC和PV才能产生绑定关系,即没有指定StorageClass的PVC只能绑定同类的PV。
  2. 存储类对象的名称至关重要,它是用户调用的标识,创建存储类对象时,除了名称之外,还需要为其定义三个关键字段。provisioner、parameter和reclaimPolicy。
  3. 所以kubernetes提供了一种可以动态分配的工作机制,可用自动创建PV,该机制依赖于StorageClass的API,将某个存储节点划分1T给kubernetes使用,当用户申请5Gi的PVC时,会自动从这1T的存储空间去创建一个5Gi的PV,而后自动与之进行关联绑定。
  4. 动态PV供给的启用需要事先创建一个存储类,不同的Provisoner的创建方法各有不同,并非所有的存储卷插件都由Kubernetes内建支持PV动态供给。

2.基于NFS实现动态供应

由于kubernetes内部不包含NFS驱动,所以需要使用外部驱动nfs-subdir-external-provisioner是一个自动供应器,它使用NFS服务端来支持动态供应。
NFS-subdir-external- provisioner实例负责监视PersistentVolumeClaims请求StorageClass,并自动为它们创建NFS所支持的PresistentVolumes。
GitHub地址: https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner

2.1 准备NFS服务端的共享目录

这里的意思是要把哪个目录给kubernetes来使用。把目录共享出来。

[root@kn-server-node02-15 ~]# ll /data/
总用量 0
[root@kn-server-node02-15 ~]# showmount -e 10.0.0.15
Export list for 10.0.0.15:
/data        10.0.0.0/24

2.2 安装NFS-Server驱动。

首先创建RBAC权限。

[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# cat nfs-rbac.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: nfs-client-provisioner
  # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed
  namespace: default
---
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-client-provisioner-runner
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["nodes"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["persistentvolumes"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "delete"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["persistentvolumeclaims"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "update"]
  - apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["storageclasses"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["events"]
    verbs: ["create", "update", "patch"]
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: run-nfs-client-provisioner
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: nfs-client-provisioner
    # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed
    namespace: default
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: nfs-client-provisioner-runner
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
---
kind: Role
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner
  # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed
  namespace: default
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["endpoints"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "update", "patch"]
---
kind: RoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner
  # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed
  namespace: default
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: nfs-client-provisioner
    # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed
    namespace: default
roleRef:
  kind: Role
  name: leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl apply -f nfs-rbac.yaml 
serviceaccount/nfs-client-provisioner created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/nfs-client-provisioner-runner created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/run-nfs-client-provisioner created
role.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner created
rolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner created

2.3 部署NFS-Provisioner

[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# cat nfs-provisioner-deploy.yaml 
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: nfs-client-provisioner
  labels:
    app: nfs-client-provisioner
  # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed
  namespace: default
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nfs-client-provisioner
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nfs-client-provisioner
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: nfs-client-provisioner
      containers:
        - name: nfs-client-provisioner
          image: k8s.gcr.io/sig-storage/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner:v4.0.2  镜像在国内是拉取不到的,因此为下载下来了放在我的docker hub。 替换为lihuahaitang/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner:v4.0.2
          volumeMounts:
            - name: nfs-client-root
              mountPath: /persistentvolumes
          env:
            - name: PROVISIONER_NAME
              value: k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner   NFS-Provisioner的名称,后续StorageClassName要与该名称保持一致
            - name: NFS_SERVER    NFS服务器的地址
              value: 10.0.0.15  
            - name: NFS_PATH
              value: /data
      volumes:
        - name: nfs-client-root
          nfs:
            server: 10.0.0.15
            path: /data
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl apply -f nfs-provisioner-deploy.yaml 
deployment.apps/nfs-client-provisioner created


Pod正常运行。
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl get pods
NAME                                      READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nfs-client-provisioner-57d6d9d5f6-dcxgq   1/1     Running   0          2m25s

describe查看Pod详细信息;
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl describe pods nfs-client-provisioner-57d6d9d5f6-dcxgq 
Name:         nfs-client-provisioner-57d6d9d5f6-dcxgq
Namespace:    default
Priority:     0
Node:         kn-server-node02-15/10.0.0.15
Start Time:   Mon, 28 Nov 2022 11:19:33 +0800
Labels:       app=nfs-client-provisioner
              pod-template-hash=57d6d9d5f6
Annotations:  
Status:       Running
IP:           192.168.2.82
IPs:
  IP:           192.168.2.82
Controlled By:  ReplicaSet/nfs-client-provisioner-57d6d9d5f6
Containers:
  nfs-client-provisioner:
    Container ID:   docker://b5ea240a8693185be681714747f8e0a9f347492a24920dd68e629effb3a7400f
    Image:          k8s.gcr.io/sig-storage/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner:v4.0.2  镜像来自k8s.gcr.io
    Image ID:       docker-pullable://k8s.gcr.io/sig-storage/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner@sha256:63d5e04551ec8b5aae83b6f35938ca5ddc50a88d85492d9731810c31591fa4c9
    Port:           
    Host Port:      
    State:          Running
      Started:      Mon, 28 Nov 2022 11:20:12 +0800
    Ready:          True
    Restart Count:  0
    Environment:
      PROVISIONER_NAME:  k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner
      NFS_SERVER:        10.0.0.15
      NFS_PATH:          /data
    Mounts:
      /persistentvolumes from nfs-client-root (rw)
      /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount from kube-api-access-q2z8w (ro)
Conditions:
  Type              Status
  Initialized       True 
  Ready             True 
  ContainersReady   True 
  PodScheduled      True 
Volumes:
  nfs-client-root:
    Type:      NFS (an NFS mount that lasts the lifetime of a pod)
    Server:    10.0.0.15
    Path:      /data
    ReadOnly:  false
  kube-api-access-q2z8w:
    Type:                    Projected (a volume that contains injected data from multiple sources)
    TokenExpirationSeconds:  3607
    ConfigMapName:           kube-root-ca.crt
    ConfigMapOptional:       
    DownwardAPI:             true
QoS Class:                   BestEffort
Node-Selectors:              
Tolerations:                 node.kubernetes.io/not-ready:NoExecute op=Exists for 300s
                             node.kubernetes.io/unreachable:NoExecute op=Exists for 300s
Events:
  Type    Reason     Age    From               Message
  ----    ------     ----   ----               -------
  Normal  Scheduled  3m11s  default-scheduler  Successfully assigned default/nfs-client-provisioner-57d6d9d5f6-dcxgq to kn-server-node02-15
  Normal  Pulling    3m11s  kubelet            Pulling image "k8s.gcr.io/sig-storage/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner:v4.0.2"
  Normal  Pulled     2m32s  kubelet            Successfully pulled image "k8s.gcr.io/sig-storage/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner:v4.0.2" in 38.965869132s
  Normal  Created    2m32s  kubelet            Created container nfs-client-provisioner
  Normal  Started    2m32s  kubelet            Started container nfs-client-provisioner

2.4 创建StorageClass

创建NFS StorageClass动态供应商。

[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# cat storageclass.yaml 
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass    类型为storageclass
metadata:
  name: nfs-provisioner-storage    PVC申请时需明确指定的storageclass名称
  annotations:
    storageclass.kubernetes.io/is-default-class: "true"
provisioner: k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner  供应商名称,必须和上面创建的"PROVISIONER_NAME"保持一致
parameters:
  archiveOnDelete: "false" 如果值为false,删除pvc后也会删除目录内容,"true"则会对数据进行保留
  pathPattern: "${.PVC.namespace}/${.PVC.name}" 创建目录路径的模板,默认为随机命名。
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl apply -f storageclass.yaml 
storageclass.storage.k8s.io/nfs-provisioner-storage created

storage简写sc
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl get sc
NAME                      PROVISIONER                                   RECLAIMPOLICY   VOLUMEBINDINGMODE   ALLOWVOLUMEEXPANSION   AGE
nfs-provisioner-storage   k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner   Delete          Immediate           false                  3s

describe查看配详细信息。
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl describe sc 
Name:            nfs-provisioner-storage
IsDefaultClass:  Yes
Annotations:     kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration={"apiVersion":"storage.k8s.io/v1","kind":"StorageClass","metadata":{"annotations":{"storageclass.kubernetes.io/is-default-class":"true"},"name":"nfs-provisioner-storage"},"parameters":{"archiveOnDelete":"false","pathPattern":"${.PVC.namespace}/${.PVC.name}"},"provisioner":"k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner"}
,storageclass.kubernetes.io/is-default-class=true
Provisioner:           k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner
Parameters:            archiveOnDelete=false,pathPattern=${.PVC.namespace}/${.PVC.name}
AllowVolumeExpansion:  
MountOptions:          
ReclaimPolicy:         Delete
VolumeBindingMode:     Immediate
Events:                

2.5 创建PVC,自动关联PV

[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# cat nfs-pvc-test.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: nfs-pvc-test
spec:
  storageClassName: "nfs-provisioner-storage"
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 0.5Gi

这里的PV的名字是随机的,数据的存储路径是根据pathPattern来定义的。
[root@kn-server-node02-15 data]# ls
default
[root@kn-server-node02-15 data]# ll default/
总用量 0
drwxrwxrwx 2 root root 6 11月 28 13:56 nfs-pvc-test
[root@kn-server-master01-13 pv]# kubectl get pv
pvc-8ed67f7d-d829-4d87-8c66-d8a85f50772f   512Mi      RWX            Delete           Bound         default/nfs-pvc-test   nfs-provisioner-storage            5m19s
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl describe pv pvc-8ed67f7d-d829-4d87-8c66-d8a85f50772f
Name:            pvc-8ed67f7d-d829-4d87-8c66-d8a85f50772f
Labels:          
Annotations:     pv.kubernetes.io/provisioned-by: k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner
Finalizers:      [kubernetes.io/pv-protection]
StorageClass:    nfs-provisioner-storage
Status:          Bound
Claim:           default/nfs-pvc-test
Reclaim Policy:  Delete
Access Modes:    RWX
VolumeMode:      Filesystem
Capacity:        512Mi
Node Affinity:   
Message:         
Source:
    Type:      NFS (an NFS mount that lasts the lifetime of a pod)
    Server:    10.0.0.15
    Path:      /data/default/nfs-pvc-test
    ReadOnly:  false
Events:        


describe可用看到更详细的信息
root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl describe pvc 
Name:          nfs-pvc-test
Namespace:     default
StorageClass:  nfs-provisioner-storage
Status:        Bound
Volume:        pvc-8ed67f7d-d829-4d87-8c66-d8a85f50772f
Labels:        
Annotations:   pv.kubernetes.io/bind-completed: yes
               pv.kubernetes.io/bound-by-controller: yes
               volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-provisioner: k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner
Finalizers:    [kubernetes.io/pvc-protection]
Capacity:      512Mi    定义的存储大小
Access Modes:  RWX    卷的读写
VolumeMode:    Filesystem
Used By:       
Events:
  Type    Reason                 Age   From                                                                                                                      Message
  ----    ------                 ----  ----                                                                                                                      -------
  Normal  ExternalProvisioning   13m   persistentvolume-controller                                                                                               waiting for a volume to be created, either by external provisioner "k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner" or manually created by system administrator
  Normal  Provisioning           13m   k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner_nfs-client-provisioner-57d6d9d5f6-dcxgq_259532a3-4dba-4183-be6d-8e8b320fc778  External provisioner is provisioning volume for claim "default/nfs-pvc-test"
  Normal  ProvisioningSucceeded  13m   k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner_nfs-client-provisioner-57d6d9d5f6-dcxgq_259532a3-4dba-4183-be6d-8e8b320fc778  Successfully provisioned volume pvc-8ed67f7d-d829-4d87-8c66-d8a85f50772f

2.6 创建Pod,测试数据是否持久。

[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# cat nginx-pvc-test.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: nginx-sc
spec:
  containers:
  - name: nginx
    image: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - name: nginx-page
      mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
  volumes:
  - name: nginx-page
    persistentVolumeClaim:
      claimName: nfs-pvc-test
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl apply -f nginx-pvc-test.yaml 
pod/nginx-sc created

[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl describe pvc
Name:          nfs-pvc-test
Namespace:     default
StorageClass:  nfs-provisioner-storage
Status:        Bound
Volume:        pvc-8ed67f7d-d829-4d87-8c66-d8a85f50772f
Labels:        
Annotations:   pv.kubernetes.io/bind-completed: yes
               pv.kubernetes.io/bound-by-controller: yes
               volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-provisioner: k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner
Finalizers:    [kubernetes.io/pvc-protection]
Capacity:      512Mi
Access Modes:  RWX
VolumeMode:    Filesystem
Used By:       nginx-sc   可以看到的是nginx-sc这个Pod在使用这个PVC。

和上面名称是一致的。
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# kubectl get pods nginx-sc
NAME       READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-sc   1/1     Running   0          2m43s

尝试写入数据
[root@kn-server-node02-15 data]# echo "haitang" > /data/default/nfs-pvc-test/index.html

访问测试。
[root@kn-server-master01-13 nfs-provisioner]# curl 192.168.2.83
haitang

文章来源于互联网:kubernetes数据持久化StorageClass动态供给(二)

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