SkiaSharp 之 WPF 自绘 拖曳小球(案例版)

感谢各位大佬和粉丝的厚爱和关心( 催更),我会再接再厉的,其实这也是督促自己的一种方式,非常感谢。

刚写了一篇万字长文,自己也休养生息(低调发育)了一段时间,接下来来几个小案例。

拖曳小球

WPF的拖曳效果,基本配置一下,就可以了,但是自绘的话,就得自己控制,按键点击,按键移动和按键松开的事件,与其配合达到目的。

这个效果实现了,其实也变相的实现了WPF里的拖动效果,这个效果用着还是很方便的。

但是代码,确十分的简单。

Wpf 和 SkiaSharp

新建一个WPF项目,然后,Nuget包即可
要添加Nuget包

Install-Package SkiaSharp.Views.WPF -Version 2.88.0

其中核心逻辑是这部分,会以我设置的60FPS来刷新当前的画板。

skContainer.PaintSurface += SkContainer_PaintSurface;
_ = Task.Run(() =>
{
    while (true)
    {
        try
        {
            Dispatcher.Invoke(() =>
            {
                skContainer.InvalidateVisual();
            });
            _ = SpinWait.SpinUntil(() => false, 1000 / 60);//每秒60帧
        }
        catch
        {
            break;
        }
    }
});

实现代码的 鼠标按下,移动,鼠标松开

先对SkiaSharp对象,增加相关事件

    skContainer.MouseDown += SkContainer_MouseDown;
    skContainer.MouseUp += SkContainer_MouseUp;
    skContainer.MouseMove += SkContainer_MouseMove;   

然后增加相关事件处理代码,我这边都统一处理了.

private void SkContainer_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
{
    var cur = e.GetPosition(sender as IInputElement);
    drawClock.MouseDown(new SKPoint((float)cur.X, (float)cur.Y), true);
}
private void SkContainer_MouseUp(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
{
    var cur = e.GetPosition(sender as IInputElement);
    drawClock.MouseDown(new SKPoint((float)cur.X, (float)cur.Y), false);
}
private void SkContainer_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
{
    var cur = e.GetPosition(sender as IInputElement);
    drawClock.MouseMove(new SKPoint((float)cur.X, (float)cur.Y));
}

拖曳核心类

/// 
/// 拖曳 
/// 
public class Drag
{
    public SKPoint centerPoint;
    public int Radius = 0;
    private bool Pressed = false;
    private bool CirclePressend = false;
    private SKPoint sKPoint = SKPoint.Empty;
    private SKPoint CirclePoint = SKPoint.Empty;
    private SKCanvas canvas;
    private float dx = 0;
    private float dy = 0;
    /// 
    /// 渲染
    /// 
    public void Render(SKCanvas canvas, SKTypeface Font, int Width, int Height)
    {
        this.canvas = canvas;
        centerPoint = new SKPoint(Width / 2, Height / 2);
        this.Radius = 40;
        canvas.Clear(SKColors.White);
        if (CirclePoint.IsEmpty)
        {
            CirclePoint = new SKPoint(centerPoint.X, centerPoint.Y);
        }
        if (CirclePressend)
        {
            CirclePoint = new SKPoint(sKPoint.X - dx, sKPoint.Y - dy);
            DrawCircle(this.canvas, CirclePoint);
        }
        else
        {
            DrawCircle(this.canvas, CirclePoint);
        }

        using var paint = new SKPaint
        {
            Color = SKColors.Black,
            IsAntialias = true,
            Typeface = Font,
            TextSize = 24
        };
        var msg = $"X:{ sKPoint.X}  Y:{sKPoint.Y}  Pressed:{Pressed} CirclePressend:{CirclePressend}";
        canvas.DrawText(msg, 0, 30, paint);
    }
    public void MouseMove(SKPoint sKPoint)
    {
        this.sKPoint = sKPoint;
        if (CirclePressend)//按下,就开始拖动
        {
            CirclePoint = sKPoint;
        }
    }
    public void MouseDown(SKPoint sKPoint, bool Pressed)
    {
        this.sKPoint = sKPoint;
        this.Pressed = Pressed;
        if (this.Pressed)
        {
            this.CirclePressend = CheckPoint(sKPoint, CirclePoint);
            if (this.CirclePressend)
            {
                dx = sKPoint.X - CirclePoint.X;
                dy = sKPoint.Y - CirclePoint.Y;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            this.CirclePressend = false;
        }
    }
    public bool CheckPoint(SKPoint sKPoint, SKPoint CirclePoint)
    {
        var d = Math.Sqrt(Math.Pow(sKPoint.X - CirclePoint.X, 2) + Math.Pow(sKPoint.Y - CirclePoint.Y, 2));
        return this.Radius >= d;
    }
    /// 
    /// 画一个圆
    /// 
    public void DrawCircle(SKCanvas canvas, SKPoint sKPoint)
    {
        using var paint = new SKPaint
        {
            Color = SKColors.Blue,
            Style = SKPaintStyle.Fill,
            IsAntialias = true,
            StrokeWidth = 2
        };
        canvas.DrawCircle(sKPoint.X, sKPoint.Y, Radius, paint);
    }
}

效果如下:

SkiaSharp 之 WPF 自绘 拖曳小球(案例版)插图

我可以点的球的边边哦,这也是一个小技巧,点到球哪里,停止的时候,鼠标还在那个位置,是不是有点像拖动窗体的感觉了。

总结

以前对拖曳总是很好奇,一直想是如何实现的,现在自己也自己从头到尾的实现了,那么,它就是已知的,这就是可以写出来的进步,每天都应该有一点这样的进步。

代码地址

https://github.com/kesshei/WPFSkiaDragDemo.git

https://gitee.com/kesshei/WPFSkiaDragDemo.git

一键三连呦!,感谢大佬的支持,您的支持就是我的动力!

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