【Azure 环境】Azure Resource Graph Explorer 中实现动态数组数据转换成多行记录模式 – mv-expand

问题描述

想对Azure中全部VM的NSG资源进行收集,如果只是查看一个VM的NSG设定,可以在门户页面中查看表格模式,但是如果想把导出成表格,可以在Azure Resource Graph Explorer中查找到资源,但是,它的格式是JSON数组,在一行中显示,那么如何把一行数据中的数组转换成多行记录(提高可读性)呢?

VM NSG门户显示为表格模式:

【Azure 环境】Azure Resource Graph Explorer 中实现动态数组数据转换成多行记录模式 – mv-expand插图

Azure Resource Graph Explorer中显示为JSON 数组:

【Azure 环境】Azure Resource Graph Explorer 中实现动态数组数据转换成多行记录模式 – mv-expand插图1

 

问题解答

在Azure Resource Graph Explorer 中,所使用的Kusto Query 语言中,有一个运算符 :  mv-expand Expands multi-value dynamic arrays or property bags into multiple records. , 它可以将多值动态数组或属性包扩展为多个记录。

如把值

1,   [10,20]
2,   [a,b]

两行数据转换4行数据:

110
120
2, a
2, b

详细的解说可以参考MV-EXPAND文档(https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/azure/data-explorer/kusto/query/mvexpandoperator#examples)。

【Azure 环境】Azure Resource Graph Explorer 中实现动态数组数据转换成多行记录模式 – mv-expand插图2

 

回归到本文问题解答,是列举出NSG Rule。

首先,通过Resource Graph Explorer获取到全部的NSG信息:

resources
| where type =~ "microsoft.network/networksecuritygroups" 

因为NSG Rules的结果是JSON数组格式,所以需要对它进行转换(MV-EXPAND)。然后,通过extend方式获取到Properties中的属性值:

resources
| where type =~ "microsoft.network/networksecuritygroups" and subscriptionId =="a9dc7515-7692-4316-9ad4-762f383eec10"
|mv-expand rules=properties.securityRules
|extend direction=tostring(rules.properties.direction)
|extend priority=toint(rules.properties.priority)
|extend rule_name = rules.name
|extend nsg_name = name
|extend description=rules.properties.description
|extend destination_prefix=iif(rules.properties.destinationAddressPrefixes=='[]', rules.properties.destinationAddressPrefix, strcat_array(rules.properties.destinationAddressPrefixes, ","))
|extend destination_asgs=iif(isempty(rules.properties.destinationApplicationSecurityGroups), '', strcat_array(parse_json(rules.properties.destinationApplicationSecurityGroups), ","))
|extend destination=iif(isempty(destination_asgs), destination_prefix, destination_asgs)
|extend destination=iif(destination=='*', "Any", destination)
|extend destination_port=iif(isempty(rules.properties.destinationPortRange), strcat_array(rules.properties.destinationPortRanges,","), rules.properties.destinationPortRange)
|extend source_prefix=iif(rules.properties.sourceAddressPrefixes=='[]', rules.properties.sourceAddressPrefix, strcat_array(rules.properties.sourceAddressPrefixes, ","))
|extend source_asgs=iif(isempty(rules.properties.sourceApplicationSecurityGroups), "", strcat_array(parse_json(rules.properties.sourceApplicationSecurityGroups), ","))
|extend source=iif(isempty(source_asgs), source_prefix, tostring(source_asgs))
|extend source=iif(source=='*', 'Any', source)
|extend source_port=iif(isempty(rules.properties.sourcePortRange), strcat_array(rules.properties.sourcePortRanges,","), rules.properties.sourcePortRange)
|extend action=rules.properties.access
|extend subnets = strcat_array(properties.subnets, ",")
|project resourceGroup, nsg_name, rule_name, subnets, direction, priority, action, source, source_port, destination, destination_port, description, subscriptionId, id
|sort by resourceGroup asc, nsg_name, direction asc, priority asc

获取到的结果为:

 【Azure 环境】Azure Resource Graph Explorer 中实现动态数组数据转换成多行记录模式 – mv-expand插图3

 

 

######################################################################################################

附录一 : NSG Rules 中  securityRules 的格式为:

"securityRules": [
    {
        "properties": {
            "provisioningState": "Succeeded",
            "destinationAddressPrefixes": [],
            "destinationAddressPrefix": "VirtualNetwork",
            "sourceAddressPrefixes": [],
            "destinationPortRanges": [],
            "destinationPortRange": "*",
            "sourceAddressPrefix": "VirtualNetwork",
            "sourcePortRanges": [],
            "sourcePortRange": "*",
            "priority": 65000,
            "protocol": "*",
            "direction": "Inbound",
            "access": "Allow",
            "description": "Allow inbound traffic from all VMs in VNET"
        },
        "id": ““
    }, 
… … 
    {
        "properties": {
            "provisioningState": "Succeeded",
            "destinationAddressPrefixes": [],
            "destinationAddressPrefix": "*",
            "sourceAddressPrefixes": [],
            "destinationPortRanges": [],
            "destinationPortRange": "*",
            "sourceAddressPrefix": "*",
            "sourcePortRanges": [],
            "sourcePortRange": "*",
            "priority": 65500,
            "protocol": "*",
            "direction": "Outbound",
            "access": "Deny",
            "description": "Deny all outbound traffic"
        },
        "id": "/“
    }
]

 

 

参考资料

mv-expand 运算符 : https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/azure/data-explorer/kusto/query/mvexpandoperator

Azure Resource Graph Query For Network Security Group Rules : https://blog.tyang.org/2021/12/08/azure-resource-graph-query-for-nsg-rules

 

 

 

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