一个注解解决ShardingJdbc不支持复杂SQL

背景介绍

公司最近做分库分表业务,接入了 Sharding JDBC,接入完成后,回归测试时发现好几个 SQL 执行报错,关键这几个表都还不是分片表。报错如下:
一个注解解决ShardingJdbc不支持复杂SQL插图

这下糟了嘛。熟悉 Sharding JDBC 的同学应该知道,有很多 SQL 它是不支持的。官方截图如下:
一个注解解决ShardingJdbc不支持复杂SQL插图1

如果要去修改这些复杂 SQL 的话,可能要花费很多时间。那怎么办呢?只能从 Sharding JDBC 这里找突破口了,两天的研究,出来了下面这个只需要加一个注解轻松解决 Sharding Jdbc 不支持复杂 SQL 的方案。

问题复现

我本地写了一个复杂 SQL 进行测试:

public List> queryOrder(){
        List> orders = borderRepository.findOrders();
        return orders;
    }
public interface BOrderRepository extends JpaRepository {

    @Query(value = "SELECT * FROM (SELECT id,CASE WHEN company_id =1 THEN '小' WHEN company_id=4 THEN '中' ELSE '大' END AS com,user_id as userId FROM b_order0) t WHERE t.com ='中'",nativeQuery =true)
    List> findOrders();
}

写了个测试 controller 来调用,调用后果然报错了。

一个注解解决ShardingJdbc不支持复杂SQL插图2

解决思路

因为查询的复杂 SQL 的表不是分片表,那能不能指定这几个复杂查询的时候不用 Sharding JDBC 的数据源呢?

  1. 在注入 Sharding JDBC 数据源的地方做处理,注入一个我们自定义的数据源
  2. 这样我们获取连接的时候就能返回原生数据源了
  3. 另外我们声明一个注解,对标识了注解的就返回原生数据源,否则还是返回 Sharding 数据源

具体实现

  1. 编写一个 autoConfig 类,来替换 ShardingSphereAutoConfiguration 类
/**
 * 动态数据源核心自动配置类
 *
 *
 */
@Configuration
@ComponentScan("org.apache.shardingsphere.spring.boot.converter")
@EnableConfigurationProperties(SpringBootPropertiesConfiguration.class)
@ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "spring.shardingsphere", name = "enabled", havingValue = "true", matchIfMissing = true)
@AutoConfigureBefore(DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class)
public class DynamicDataSourceAutoConfiguration implements EnvironmentAware {

    private String databaseName;

    private final SpringBootPropertiesConfiguration props;

    private final Map dataSourceMap = new LinkedHashMap();

    public DynamicDataSourceAutoConfiguration(SpringBootPropertiesConfiguration props) {
        this.props = props;
    }

    /**
     * Get mode configuration.
     *
     * @return mode configuration
     */
    @Bean
    public ModeConfiguration modeConfiguration() {
        return null == props.getMode() ? null : new ModeConfigurationYamlSwapper().swapToObject(props.getMode());
    }

    /**
     * Get ShardingSphere data source bean.
     *
     * @param rules rules configuration
     * @param modeConfig mode configuration
     * @return data source bean
     * @throws SQLException SQL exception
     */
    @Bean
    @Conditional(LocalRulesCondition.class)
    @Autowired(required = false)
    public DataSource shardingSphereDataSource(final ObjectProvider> rules, final ObjectProvider modeConfig) throws SQLException {
        Collection ruleConfigs = Optional.ofNullable(rules.getIfAvailable()).orElseGet(Collections::emptyList);
        DataSource dataSource = ShardingSphereDataSourceFactory.createDataSource(databaseName, modeConfig.getIfAvailable(), dataSourceMap, ruleConfigs, props.getProps());
        return new WrapShardingDataSource((ShardingSphereDataSource) dataSource,dataSourceMap);
    }

    /**
     * Get data source bean from registry center.
     *
     * @param modeConfig mode configuration
     * @return data source bean
     * @throws SQLException SQL exception
     */
    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean(DataSource.class)
    public DataSource dataSource(final ModeConfiguration modeConfig) throws SQLException {
        DataSource dataSource = !dataSourceMap.isEmpty() ? ShardingSphereDataSourceFactory.createDataSource(databaseName, modeConfig, dataSourceMap, Collections.emptyList(), props.getProps())
                : ShardingSphereDataSourceFactory.createDataSource(databaseName, modeConfig);
        return new WrapShardingDataSource((ShardingSphereDataSource) dataSource,dataSourceMap);
    }

    /**
     * Create transaction type scanner.
     *
     * @return transaction type scanner
     */
    @Bean
    public TransactionTypeScanner transactionTypeScanner() {
        return new TransactionTypeScanner();
    }

    @Override
    public final void setEnvironment(final Environment environment) {
        dataSourceMap.putAll(DataSourceMapSetter.getDataSourceMap(environment));
        databaseName = DatabaseNameSetter.getDatabaseName(environment);
    }

    @Role(BeanDefinition.ROLE_INFRASTRUCTURE)
    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "spring.datasource.dynamic.aop", name = "enabled", havingValue = "true", matchIfMissing = true)
    public Advisor dynamicDatasourceAnnotationAdvisor() {
        DynamicDataSourceAnnotationInterceptor interceptor = new DynamicDataSourceAnnotationInterceptor(true);
        DynamicDataSourceAnnotationAdvisor advisor = new DynamicDataSourceAnnotationAdvisor(interceptor, DS.class);
        return advisor;
    }

}
  1. 自定义数据源
public class WrapShardingDataSource extends AbstractDataSourceAdapter implements AutoCloseable{

    private ShardingSphereDataSource dataSource;

    private Map dataSourceMap;

    public WrapShardingDataSource(ShardingSphereDataSource dataSource, Map dataSourceMap) {
        this.dataSource = dataSource;
        this.dataSourceMap = dataSourceMap;
    }

    public DataSource getTargetDataSource(){
        String peek = DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.peek();
        if(StringUtils.isEmpty(peek)){
            return dataSource;
        }
        return dataSourceMap.get(peek);
    }

    @Override
    public Connection getConnection() throws SQLException {
        return getTargetDataSource().getConnection();
    }

    @Override
    public Connection getConnection(final String username, final String password) throws SQLException {
        return getConnection();
    }

    @Override
    public void close() throws Exception {
        DataSource targetDataSource = getTargetDataSource();
        if (targetDataSource instanceof AutoCloseable) {
            ((AutoCloseable) targetDataSource).close();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public int getLoginTimeout() throws SQLException {
        DataSource targetDataSource = getTargetDataSource();
        return targetDataSource ==null ? 0 : targetDataSource.getLoginTimeout();
    }

    @Override
    public void setLoginTimeout(final int seconds) throws SQLException {
        DataSource targetDataSource = getTargetDataSource();
        targetDataSource.setLoginTimeout(seconds);
    }
}
  1. 声明指定数据源注解
@Target({ElementType.TYPE, ElementType.METHOD})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
public @interface DS {

    /**
     * 数据源名
     */
    String value();
}
  1. 另外使用 AOP 的方式拦截使用了注解的类或方法,并且要将这些用了注解的方法存起来,在获取数据源连接的时候取出来进行判断。这就还要用到 ThreadLocal。

aop 拦截器:

public class DynamicDataSourceAnnotationInterceptor implements MethodInterceptor {

    private final DataSourceClassResolver dataSourceClassResolver;

    public DynamicDataSourceAnnotationInterceptor(Boolean allowedPublicOnly) {
        dataSourceClassResolver = new DataSourceClassResolver(allowedPublicOnly);
    }

    @Override
    public Object invoke(MethodInvocation invocation) throws Throwable {
        String dsKey = determineDatasourceKey(invocation);
        DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.push(dsKey);
        try {
            return invocation.proceed();
        } finally {
            DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.poll();
        }
    }

    private String determineDatasourceKey(MethodInvocation invocation) {
        String key = dataSourceClassResolver.findKey(invocation.getMethod(), invocation.getThis());
        return key;
    }
}

aop 切面定义:

/**
 * aop Advisor
 */
public class DynamicDataSourceAnnotationAdvisor extends AbstractPointcutAdvisor implements BeanFactoryAware {

    private final Advice advice;

    private final Pointcut pointcut;

    private final Class extends Annotation> annotation;

    public DynamicDataSourceAnnotationAdvisor(MethodInterceptor advice,
                                               Class extends Annotation> annotation) {
        this.advice = advice;
        this.annotation = annotation;
        this.pointcut = buildPointcut();
    }

    @Override
    public Pointcut getPointcut() {
        return this.pointcut;
    }

    @Override
    public Advice getAdvice() {
        return this.advice;
    }

    @Override
    public void setBeanFactory(BeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException {
        if (this.advice instanceof BeanFactoryAware) {
            ((BeanFactoryAware) this.advice).setBeanFactory(beanFactory);
        }
    }

    private Pointcut buildPointcut() {
        Pointcut cpc = new AnnotationMatchingPointcut(annotation, true);
        Pointcut mpc = new AnnotationMethodPoint(annotation);
        return new ComposablePointcut(cpc).union(mpc);
    }

    /**
     * In order to be compatible with the spring lower than 5.0
     */
    private static class AnnotationMethodPoint implements Pointcut {

        private final Class extends Annotation> annotationType;

        public AnnotationMethodPoint(Class extends Annotation> annotationType) {
            Assert.notNull(annotationType, "Annotation type must not be null");
            this.annotationType = annotationType;
        }

        @Override
        public ClassFilter getClassFilter() {
            return ClassFilter.TRUE;
        }

        @Override
        public MethodMatcher getMethodMatcher() {
            return new AnnotationMethodMatcher(annotationType);
        }

        private static class AnnotationMethodMatcher extends StaticMethodMatcher {
            private final Class extends Annotation> annotationType;

            public AnnotationMethodMatcher(Class extends Annotation> annotationType) {
                this.annotationType = annotationType;
            }

            @Override
            public boolean matches(Method method, Class> targetClass) {
                if (matchesMethod(method)) {
                    return true;
                }
                // Proxy classes never have annotations on their redeclared methods.
                if (Proxy.isProxyClass(targetClass)) {
                    return false;
                }
                // The method may be on an interface, so let's check on the target class as well.
                Method specificMethod = AopUtils.getMostSpecificMethod(method, targetClass);
                return (specificMethod != method && matchesMethod(specificMethod));
            }

            private boolean matchesMethod(Method method) {
                return AnnotatedElementUtils.hasAnnotation(method, this.annotationType);
            }
        }
    }
}

/**
 * 数据源解析器
 *
 */
public class DataSourceClassResolver {

    private static boolean mpEnabled = false;

    private static Field mapperInterfaceField;

    static {
        Class> proxyClass = null;
        try {
            proxyClass = Class.forName("com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.override.MybatisMapperProxy");
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e1) {
            try {
                proxyClass = Class.forName("com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.override.PageMapperProxy");
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e2) {
                try {
                    proxyClass = Class.forName("org.apache.ibatis.binding.MapperProxy");
                } catch (ClassNotFoundException ignored) {
                }
            }
        }
        if (proxyClass != null) {
            try {
                mapperInterfaceField = proxyClass.getDeclaredField("mapperInterface");
                mapperInterfaceField.setAccessible(true);
                mpEnabled = true;
            } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 缓存方法对应的数据源
     */
    private final Map dsCache = new ConcurrentHashMap();
    private final boolean allowedPublicOnly;

    /**
     * 加入扩展, 给外部一个修改aop条件的机会
     *
     * @param allowedPublicOnly 只允许公共的方法, 默认为true
     */
    public DataSourceClassResolver(boolean allowedPublicOnly) {
        this.allowedPublicOnly = allowedPublicOnly;
    }

    /**
     * 从缓存获取数据
     *
     * @param method       方法
     * @param targetObject 目标对象
     * @return ds
     */
    public String findKey(Method method, Object targetObject) {
        if (method.getDeclaringClass() == Object.class) {
            return "";
        }
        Object cacheKey = new MethodClassKey(method, targetObject.getClass());
        String ds = this.dsCache.get(cacheKey);
        if (ds == null) {
            ds = computeDatasource(method, targetObject);
            if (ds == null) {
                ds = "";
            }
            this.dsCache.put(cacheKey, ds);
        }
        return ds;
    }

    /**
     * 查找注解的顺序
     * 1. 当前方法
     * 2. 桥接方法
     * 3. 当前类开始一直找到Object
     * 4. 支持mybatis-plus, mybatis-spring
     *
     * @param method       方法
     * @param targetObject 目标对象
     * @return ds
     */
    private String computeDatasource(Method method, Object targetObject) {
        if (allowedPublicOnly && !Modifier.isPublic(method.getModifiers())) {
            return null;
        }
        //1. 从当前方法接口中获取
        String dsAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(method);
        if (dsAttr != null) {
            return dsAttr;
        }
        Class> targetClass = targetObject.getClass();
        Class> userClass = ClassUtils.getUserClass(targetClass);
        // JDK代理时,  获取实现类的方法声明.  method: 接口的方法, specificMethod: 实现类方法
        Method specificMethod = ClassUtils.getMostSpecificMethod(method, userClass);

        specificMethod = BridgeMethodResolver.findBridgedMethod(specificMethod);
        //2. 从桥接方法查找
        dsAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(specificMethod);
        if (dsAttr != null) {
            return dsAttr;
        }
        // 从当前方法声明的类查找
        dsAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(userClass);
        if (dsAttr != null && ClassUtils.isUserLevelMethod(method)) {
            return dsAttr;
        }
        //since 3.4.1 从接口查找,只取第一个找到的
        for (Class> interfaceClazz : ClassUtils.getAllInterfacesForClassAsSet(userClass)) {
            dsAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(interfaceClazz);
            if (dsAttr != null) {
                return dsAttr;
            }
        }
        // 如果存在桥接方法
        if (specificMethod != method) {
            // 从桥接方法查找
            dsAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(method);
            if (dsAttr != null) {
                return dsAttr;
            }
            // 从桥接方法声明的类查找
            dsAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(method.getDeclaringClass());
            if (dsAttr != null && ClassUtils.isUserLevelMethod(method)) {
                return dsAttr;
            }
        }
        return getDefaultDataSourceAttr(targetObject);
    }

    /**
     * 默认的获取数据源名称方式
     *
     * @param targetObject 目标对象
     * @return ds
     */
    private String getDefaultDataSourceAttr(Object targetObject) {
        Class> targetClass = targetObject.getClass();
        // 如果不是代理类, 从当前类开始, 不断的找父类的声明
        if (!Proxy.isProxyClass(targetClass)) {
            Class> currentClass = targetClass;
            while (currentClass != Object.class) {
                String datasourceAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(currentClass);
                if (datasourceAttr != null) {
                    return datasourceAttr;
                }
                currentClass = currentClass.getSuperclass();
            }
        }
        // mybatis-plus, mybatis-spring 的获取方式
        if (mpEnabled) {
            final Class> clazz = getMapperInterfaceClass(targetObject);
            if (clazz != null) {
                String datasourceAttr = findDataSourceAttribute(clazz);
                if (datasourceAttr != null) {
                    return datasourceAttr;
                }
                // 尝试从其父接口获取
                return findDataSourceAttribute(clazz.getSuperclass());
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 用于处理嵌套代理
     *
     * @param target JDK 代理类对象
     * @return InvocationHandler 的 Class
     */
    private Class> getMapperInterfaceClass(Object target) {
        Object current = target;
        while (Proxy.isProxyClass(current.getClass())) {
            Object currentRefObject = AopProxyUtils.getSingletonTarget(current);
            if (currentRefObject == null) {
                break;
            }
            current = currentRefObject;
        }
        try {
            if (Proxy.isProxyClass(current.getClass())) {
                return (Class>) mapperInterfaceField.get(Proxy.getInvocationHandler(current));
            }
        } catch (IllegalAccessException ignore) {
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 通过 AnnotatedElement 查找标记的注解, 映射为  DatasourceHolder
     *
     * @param ae AnnotatedElement
     * @return 数据源映射持有者
     */
    private String findDataSourceAttribute(AnnotatedElement ae) {
        AnnotationAttributes attributes = AnnotatedElementUtils.getMergedAnnotationAttributes(ae, DS.class);
        if (attributes != null) {
            return attributes.getString("value");
        }
        return null;
    }
}

ThreadLocal:

public final class DynamicDataSourceContextHolder {

    /**
     * 为什么要用链表存储(准确的是栈)
     * 
     * 为了支持嵌套切换,如ABC三个service都是不同的数据源
     * 其中A的某个业务要调B的方法,B的方法需要调用C的方法。一级一级调用切换,形成了链。
     * 传统的只设置当前线程的方式不能满足此业务需求,必须使用栈,后进先出。
     * 

*/
private static final ThreadLocal> LOOKUP_KEY_HOLDER = new NamedThreadLocal>("dynamic-datasource") {
@Override
protected Deque initialValue() {
return new ArrayDeque();
}
};

private DynamicDataSourceContextHolder() {
}

/**
* 获得当前线程数据源
*
* @return 数据源名称
*/
public static String peek() {
return LOOKUP_KEY_HOLDER.get().peek();
}

/**
* 设置当前线程数据源
*
* 如非必要不要手动调用,调用后确保最终清除
*
*
* @param ds 数据源名称
*/
public static String push(String ds) {
String dataSourceStr = StringUtils.isEmpty(ds) ? "" : ds;
LOOKUP_KEY_HOLDER.get().push(dataSourceStr);
return dataSourceStr;
}

/**
* 清空当前线程数据源
*
* 如果当前线程是连续切换数据源 只会移除掉当前线程的数据源名称
*
*/
public static void poll() {
Deque deque = LOOKUP_KEY_HOLDER.get();
deque.poll();
if (deque.isEmpty()) {
LOOKUP_KEY_HOLDER.remove();
}
}

/**
* 强制清空本地线程
*
* 防止内存泄漏,如手动调用了push可调用此方法确保清除
*
*/
public static void clear() {
LOOKUP_KEY_HOLDER.remove();
}
}

  1. 启动类上做如下配置:

引入我们写的自动配置类,排除 ShardingJdbc 的自动配置类。

@SpringBootApplication(exclude = ShardingSphereAutoConfiguration.class)
@Import({DynamicDataSourceAutoConfiguration.class})
public class ShardingRunApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ShardingRunApplication.class);
    }
}

最后,我们给之前写的 Repository 加上注解:

public interface BOrderRepository extends JpaRepository {

    @DS("slave0")
    @Query(value = "SELECT * FROM (SELECT id,CASE WHEN company_id =1 THEN '小' WHEN company_id=4 THEN '中' ELSE '大' END AS com,user_id as userId FROM b_order0) t WHERE t.com ='中'",nativeQuery =true)
    List> findOrders();
}

再次调用,查询成功!!!
一个注解解决ShardingJdbc不支持复杂SQL插图3

一个注解解决ShardingJdbc不支持复杂SQL插图4

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